CISA: Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments, A NOAA RISA Team

CISA Library: Journal Articles


Lu, J., G. J. Carbone, and P. Gao. 2019. Mapping the agricultural drought based on the long-term AVHRR NDVI and North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) in the United Sates, 1981-2013. Applied Geography, 104, 10-20.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2019.01.005

Lu, J., G. J. Carbone, and J. M. Grego. 2019. Uncertainty and hotspots in 21st century projections of agricultural drought from CMIP5 models. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 4922.
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-41196-z

Ward, A., J. Clark, J. McLeod, R. Woodul, H. Moser, and C. Konrad. 2019. The impact of heat exposure on reduced gestational age in pregnant women in North Carolina, 2011-2015. International Journal of Biometeorology, 1-10.
DOI: 10.1007/s00484-019-01773-3


Altman, E., K. Lackstrom, H. Mizzell. 2017. Drought and Water Shortages: South Carolina's Response Mechanisms, Vulnerabilities, and Needs. Journal of South Carolina Water Resource., 4, 1, 57-62
Available at:

Gao, P., G. J. Carbone, J. Lu, and D. Guo. 2017. An Area-based Approach for Estimating Extreme Precipitation Probability. Geographical Analysis.
DOI: 10.1111/gean.12148

Lackstrom, K., A. Farris, D. Eckhardt, N. Doesken, H. Reges, J. Turner, K.H. Smith, and R. Ward. 2017. CoCoRaHS Observers Contribute to "Condition Monitoring" in the Carolinas: A New Initiative Addresses Needs for Drought Impacts Information. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 2527-2531.
DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0306.1

Lu, J., G. J. Carbone, and P. Gao. 2017. Detrending crop yield data for spatial visualization of drought impacts in the United States, 1895-2014. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 237-238, 196-208.


Cumbie-Ward, R.V. and R.P. Boyles. 2016. “Evaluation of a High-Resolution SPI for Monitoring Local Drought Severity.” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55, 2247-2262. DOI:

Lackstrom, K., G. Carbone, D. Tufford, and A. Patel. 2016. Climate and Water Resources in the Carolinas: Approaches to Applying Global Climate Change Information to Local Decisions. Journal of South Carolina Water Resources Vol 3: Iss 1, Article 7.


Dilling, L., K. Lackstrom, B. Haywood, K. Dow, M. C. Lemos, J. Berggren and S. Kalafatis. 2015. What Stakeholder Needs Tell Us about Enabling Adaptive Capacity: The Intersection of Context and Information Provision across Regions in the United States. Weather, Climate, and Society 7 (1).
DOI: 10.1175/WCAS-D-14-00001.1

Furhmann, C., M. Sugg, C. Konrad and A. Waller. 2015. Impact of Extreme Heat Events on Emergency Department Visits in North Carolina (2007-2011). Journal of Community Health, 1-11.
DOI: 10.1007/s10900-015-0080-7

Gao, P., G.J. Carbone, and D. Guo. Assessment of NARCCAP Model in Simulating Rainfall Extremes Using a Spatially Constrained Regionalization Method. International Journal of Climatology, in press.
DOI: 10.1002/joc.4500 Abstract

Kabela, E. and Carbone, G. 2015. NARCCAP Model Skill and Bias for the Southeast United States. American Journal of Climate Change, 4, 94-114.
DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2015.41009

Kovach, M.M., C.E. Konrad II, and C.M. Fuhrmann. 2015. Area-level risk factors for heat-related illness in rural and urban locations across North Carolina, USA. Applied Geography. 60: 175-183.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.03.012

Sugg, M., C. Konrad, II, et al. 2015. Relationships between maximum temperature and heat-related illness across North Carolina, USA. International Journal of Biometeorology: 1-13.
DOI: 10.1007/s00484-015-1060-4



Carbone, G. 2014. Managing climate change scenarios for societal impact studies. Physical Geography 35 (1).
DOI: 10.1080/02723646.2013.869714

Fly, E. K., T. J. Hilbish, D. S. Weithy, and R. L. Rognstad. 2015. Physiology and biogeography: The response of European mussels (Mytilus spp.) to climate change. American Malacological Bulletin 33: 136-149.
DOI: 10.4003/006.033.0111

Kettle, N., K. Dow, S. Tuler, T. Webler, J. Whitehead, K. Miller. 2014. Integrating scientific and local knowledge to inform risk-based management approaches for climate adaptation. Climate Risk Management.
DOI: 10.1016/j.crm.2014.07.001

Lackstrom, K., N. Kettle, B. Haywood, and K. Dow. 2013. Climate-sensitive decisions and time frames: a cross-sectoral analysis of information pathways in the Carolinas. Weather, Climate & Society 6: 238-252.
DOI: 10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00030.1

Petes, L. E., J. F. Howard, B.S. Helmuth, and E.K. Fly. 2014. Science integration into US climate and ocean policy. Nature Climate Change 4: 671-677.
DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2312

Smith, K.H., M. Svoboda, M. Hayes, H. Reges, N. Doesken, K. Lackstrom, K. Dow, and A. Brennan. 2014. Local Observers Fill in the Details on Drought Impact Reporter Maps. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95(11): 1659-1662.
DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477-95.11.1659

Webler, T., S. Tuler, K. Dow, J. Whitehead, and N. Kettle. 2014. Design and evaluation of a local analytic-deliberative process for climate adaptation planning. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability.
DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2014.930425


Dow, K., B. Haywood, N. Kettle, and K. Lackstrom. 2013. The role of ad hoc networks in supporting climate change adaptation: a case study from the Southeastern United States. Regional Environmental Change 13 (1).
DOI: 10.1007/s10113-013-0440-8

Griffin, M., B. Montz, and J. Arrigo. 2013. Evaluating climate change induced water stress: A case study of the Lower Cape Fear basin, NC. Applied Geography. 40(1):115-128.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.02.009

Haywood, B., A. Brennan, K. Dow, N. Kettle, K. Lackstrom. 2013. Negotiating a mainstreaming spectrum: climate change response and communication in the Carolinas. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning.


Kettle, N. P. 2012. Exposing Compounding Uncertainties in Sea Level Rise Assessments. Journal of Coastal Research 28 (1):161-173.
DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00011.1


Rhee, J., and G. J. Carbone. 2011. Estimating Drought Conditions for Regions with Limited Precipitation Data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 50 (3):548-559.
DOI: 10.1175/2010JAMC2604.1


Rhee, J., J. Im, and G. J. Carbone. 2010. Monitoring agricultural drought for arid and humid regions using multi-sensor remote sensing data. Remote Sensing of Environment 114 (12):2875-2887.
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2010.07.005



Dow, K. 2009. News coverage of drought impacts and vulnerability in the US Carolinas, 1998-2007. Natural Hazards 54 (2):497-518.
DOI: 10.1007/s11069-009-9482-0

Dow, K., R. Murphy, and G. J. Carbone. 2009. Consideration of User Needs and Spatial Accuracy in Drought Mapping. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45 (1):187-197.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00270.x

Hwang, Y. S., and G. J. Carbone. 2009. Ensemble Forecasts of Drought Indices Using a Conditional Residual Resampling Technique. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 48 (7):1289-1301.
DOI: 10.1175/2009JAMC2071.1


Carbone, G. J., J. Rhee, H. P. Mizzell, and R. Boyles. 2008. A regional-scale drought monitoring tool for the Carolinas. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89 (1):20-28.
DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-89-1-20

Rhee, J., G. J. Carbone, and J. Hussey. 2008. Drought Index Mapping at Different Spatial Units. Journal of Hydrometeorology 9:1523-1534.
DOI: 10.1175/2008JHM983.1

Rhee, J., J. Im, G. J. Carbone, and J. R. Jensen. 2008. Delineation of climate regions using in-situ and remotely-sensed data for the Carolinas. Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (6):3099-3111.
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2008.03.001


Dow, K. and G. J. Carbone. 2007. Climate Science and Decision Making. Geography Compass 1 (3):302-324.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2007.00036.x

Dow, K., R. E. O'Connor, B. Yarnal, G. J. Carbone, and C. L. Jocoy. 2007. Why worry? Community water system managers' perceptions of climate vulnerability. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 17 (2):228-237.
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.08.003

Rhee, J., and G. J. Carbone. 2007. A Comparison of Weekly Monitoring Methods of the Palmer Drought Index. Journal of Climate 20:6033-6044.
DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI1693.1


Carbone, G. J., and K. Dow. 2005. Water resource management and drought forecasts in South Carolina. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 41 (1):145-155.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03724.x

O'Connor, R. E., B. Yarnal, K. Dow, C. L. Jocoy, and G. J. Carbone. 2005. Feeling at risk matters: Water managers and the decision to use forecasts. Risk Analysis 25 (5):1265-1275.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2005.00675.x